Best remembered for a handful of hits including the Top Ten smashes "You Got What It Takes" and "I Love the Way You Love,"
was also a seminal figure in the early history of Motown Records.
was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1938, and was raised in a musical environment that mixed the gospel music of the Baptist church with the jump-jazz of Louis Jordan & His Tympany 5. By the time he was in high school he had joined a local singing group, playing carnivals and fairs. In 1958, he cut his first sides, "My Baby-O" and "Once Upon a Time;" the single failed to sell, but the recording session resulted in a meeting with songwriter and would-be record producer
played his original song "Come to Me" for Gordy
and his future wife Raynoma
, the couple chose Johnson
as the first artist for their fledgling record label, Tamla. Because the new label didn't have distribution outside of Detroit, "Come to Me" (credited to Gordy
) was released nationally by United Artists, and rose to number six on the R&B charts and number 30 on the pop charts. Gordy
soon lost direct control of his first discovery after United Artists signed Johnson
directly, but continued as the singer's manager. Johnson
also toured with Motown acts such as the Miracles
in addition to appearing on Alan Freed
's rock & roll revues and media venues such as American Bandstand
, and joined early package tours and stage revues where he shared bills with his idols Sam Cooke
and Jackie Wilson
's second single fared poorly, but his third, 1959's "You've Got What It Takes," exploded onto the charts, becoming a Top Ten hit and earning a gold record. The 1960 follow-up "I Love the Way You Love" also landed in the Top Ten; among his subsequent singles, "You've Got to Move Two Mountains" was a more pop-flavored effort that reached the Top 20, while "Happy Days" got to number seven on the R&B charts late in 1960. "Merry-Go-Round," issued in early 1961, was Johnson
's last chart success.
In 1965, with the British Invasion in full swing, Johnson
's contract was dropped by United Artists; he finally came "home" to Motown, joining the Gordy
label, but never enjoyed another American hit, although he earned a British gold record with "I'll Pick a Rose for My Rose" for Tamla in 1968. He later worked in a front-office job for Motown, and also wrote songs for Tyrone Davis
and Johnny Taylor
's recording career ended in the late '60s, but he never stopped performing, and remained active on-stage into the early '90s. Johnson
died from a stroke at a concert in Columbia, South Carolina on May 16, 1993.